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冰岛巴达本加(Bardarbunga)火山喷发  

2014-09-12 01:20:06|  分类: 看地球 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
冰岛Holuhraun熔岩。熔岩从裂缝看到喷射的北部Bardarbunga火山,增加活动从8月29日,2014年
自8月23日冰岛巴达本加(Bardarbunga)火山开始喷发以来,冰东部的火山、地震活动一直持续不断。邻近巴达本加火山的Holuhraun熔岩区出现大片裂隙,大量熔岩流喷涌而出。伴随着火山活动,周边地区空气中已检测出二氧化硫等有毒有害气体。虽然目前尚未有大量火山灰扩散至高空,但冰岛气象局已将相关空域的航空火山灰警报级别调至橙色预警。
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
惊人的图像拍摄黄昏9月5日至9日从50 - 500米高度的灯光从北极光——更好的被称为北极光,上面闪烁
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
Porgeirsson说不可能飞越熔岩河是因为热空气上升而引起的空气扰动地面附近爆发的访问是受限制的,因为冰川融水洪水风险和危险的气体喷发释放
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
熔岩流导致该地区频繁的地震,5.5。级地震记录在周三(9月10日)上午,引发恐惧的活动可能导致全面爆发
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
Bardarbunga火山自8月中旬以来一直积极与数以百计的震动记录以来,它打破了水面的熔岩从冰盖下无冰的土地,但是尚未爆发
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
这样一个事件可以触发一个灰云类似于埃亚菲亚德拉冰盖火山的喷发造成的2010年,2.5亿立方米的火山灰喷射向大气中排放的9公里,在欧洲领空,接地近100000个航班
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
Porgeirsson说他在《暮光之城》的拍摄的照片来呈现发光的熔岩更为明显
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
当前活动见证了充满岩浆的堤坝工作了40公里左右北从主Bardarbunga下岩浆库。8月29日,熔岩开始在Holruhaun从裂缝中渗出,在Dyngjujokull北部的冰川
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
大约30火山系统,每一个都包含许多陨石坑和裂缝,纹状冰岛的景观
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
Bardarbunga是最大的一个,10公里的冰川下的火山火山大约躺在的中心岛几百米厚的冰层下,巨大的冰川瓦特纳冰川在3100立方千米是欧洲最大的
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
大约8000年前火山Bardarbunga创造了过去十年最大的火山喷发
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
鸟瞰图的火山喷发在Bardarbunga Helluhraun山,冰岛
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
鸟瞰图的火山喷发在Bardarbunga Helluhraun山,冰岛
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
鸟瞰图的火山喷发在Bardarbunga Helluhraun山,冰岛
Dramatic image of the Holuhraun eruption in which lava spews out from craters as molten rock flows into a river down the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland
鸟瞰图的火山喷发在Bardarbunga Helluhraun山,冰岛
令人难以置信的旋风的气体和火灾,旋转3280英尺(1公里)到空气中,被捕获的冰岛火山Bardarbunga之上。
这令人震撼的画面是上周的飞机正设计红外摄像机监控潜在危险的火山灰。
科学家们仍然不确定什么导致了大的现象,但认为这可能是由于炎热和寒冷的空气之间的区别,导致一些类似于“尘卷风”。
An incredible tornado of gas and fire, swirling 3,280ft (1km) into the air, has been captured above Iceland's rumbling Bardarbunga volcano
令人难以置信的龙卷风的气体和火灾,3280英尺(1公里)到空气中,上面已经捕捉到冰岛的隆隆声Bardarbunga火山
的产生机制可能是尘暴的相同,但在这种情况下,龙卷风漏斗最有可能充满了二氧化硫、气体和火山灰,“说Nicarnica航空告诉保罗标志 《新科学家》。
尘暴很小,旋转的空气,可以看到,因为列尘埃和碎片从地上捡起来。
他们的形式,因为热空气接近地面上升,通过上面的一层凉爽的空气密度冲孔。
滚滚热空气上升和下降的清凉的空气开始循环垂直的称为“对流细胞”。  
冰岛巴达本加(Bardarbunga)火山喷发 - wuwei1101 - 西花社
科学家捕捉在冰岛火山龙卷风
This amazing aerial shots of the erupting Bardarbunga, Iceland's largest volcano. was taken by a helicopter hovering over the molten lava by photographer Iurie Belegurschi
这惊人的航拍图片喷发Bardarbunga,冰岛最大的火山。 被一架直升机悬停在摄影师的熔岩Iurie Belegurschi吗
Steam and smoke rise over a fissure in a lava field north of the Vatnajokull glacier, which covers part of Bardarbunga volcano system. Yesterday morning, an earthquake struck the region around the volcano while fissures in the area continued to spew out lava
蒸汽和烟雾上升在北部的一个裂缝在熔岩领域位于瓦特纳冰川,涵盖Bardarbunga火山系统的一部分。 昨日上午,一场地震袭击该地区的火山裂缝在该地区继续喷出熔岩
Scientists are watching closely to see how molten rock at and below the surface will interact with glacial ice, surface melt, and groundwater
科学家们正在密切关注熔岩表面以下如何与冰川冰相互作用,表面融化,和地下水
如果一个水平风起时,它将循环空气细胞,所以他们开始旋转的水平,形成垂直列,尘卷风。
Bardarbunga,比地球上任何其他火山熔岩爆发在过去的10000年里,自8月中旬以来唤醒。  
“火旋风”是如何形成的? 
科学家们仍然不确定的原因 龙卷风,但认为它可能是由于之间的区别 炎热和寒冷的空气,导致了一场类似于“尘卷风”。
尘暴很小,旋转列的空气,因为可以看到他们从地上捡起尘埃和碎片。
密度较低的热空气接近地面上升,通过上面的一层凉爽的空气密度冲孔。
的 上升的热空气和缕缕清凉的空气开始下降 垂直循环的东西称为“对流细胞”。
According to current mantle-plume theory, heat from Earth's core somehow generates narrow jets of hot magma that gush through the mantle and to the surface. But scientists now believe this theory is incorrect
昨日上午,一场地震袭击该地区的火山裂缝在该地区继续喷出熔岩。
地震发生在0808年英国达到了5.4级,使得它在该地区的一个更大的地震在冰岛中央重大地震以来在8月16日。
还有另一个地震,4.6级0430(BST)晚上,“说Bergthora Thorbjarnardottir,地质学家冰岛气象局。
“地震活动下面Bardarbunga火山仍在进行中,但仍稳定,”她补充道。
熔岩从周围的裂缝Bardarbunga迄今达到表面唯一不被冰雪覆盖的陆地上。
但是科学家警告爆发下冰盖可能会爆炸,导致火山灰云可能在某些情况下破坏航空。
2010年,艾雅法拉火山磨料的火山灰云,在不同地区的冰岛,欧洲的大部分关闭领空冰盖下爆发后六天。
火山灰警告级别航空有关当前裂缝喷发留在橙色,five-colour规模的次高水平,经过几次短暂上涨顶部红色最近几周。
冰岛气象局说,熔岩喷发和火喷泉Bardabunga航班目前存在没有威胁。
Hot air rising above Bardarbunga, located under Vatnaj?kull, Iceland's most extensive glacier, is thought to have created the tornado of fire
热空气上升高于Bardarbunga,坐落在瓦特纳冰川冰岛最广泛的冰川,被认为是创造了火龙卷风
Images of the gaping fissure, volatile lava fountains and a billowing cloud of steam and gas reveal the raw beauty and brute force of volcanic activity
张开裂缝的图像,挥发性熔岩喷泉和云滚滚蒸汽和天然气显示火山活动的原始美和蛮力
Bardarbunga has erupted more lava than any other volcano on the planet in the last 10,000 years. The ancient volcano sits below a central Iceland glacier
Bardarbunga爆发比地球上任何其他火山熔岩在过去的10000年。 古火山位于冰岛的冰川中部的下方
Lava fountains danced along a lengthy volcanic fissure near Iceland's subglacial Bardarbunga volcano
沿着漫长的火山熔岩喷泉跳舞裂缝附近的冰岛的冰川下的Bardarbunga火山
Craters spit out lava as molten rock flows into a river in the stunning images taken over the Holuhraun lava fields in the Icelandic highlands.
火山口喷出的熔岩在惊人的熔岩流入河流Holuhraun熔岩领域在冰岛拍摄的图像的高地。
The  Met Office issued a 'red alert' at the end of August after the Bardarbunga volcano, which lies underneath the Vatnaj?kull glacier, experienced a 'small' eruption.
气象局发布了一个“红色警报”后在8月底Bardarbunga火山,位于位于瓦特纳冰川之下,经历了一个“小”爆发。
The dramatic pictures of the Holuhraun eruption were taken from an altitude of 50-500m at twilight and with the stunning Aurora Borealis in the background
Holuhraun喷发的戏剧性的照片从50 - 500米高度的黄昏和惊人的北极光在后台
即使没有发现火山灰当时,当局采取了非同寻常的措施,禁止所有航班在火山上空。
此举回应是埃亚菲亚德拉火山的火山灰云灾难,使欧洲航空业在2010年停止了六天。
欧洲超过100000个航班被取消时,艾雅法拉火山口角灰约30000英尺到空气中,造成航空混乱估计花费?12.6亿。
虽然担心旅行混乱并没有成为现实,新的Holuhraun的火山熔岩领域的航拍照片显示,航空公司是正确的担心。
The dramatic images suggest that Iceland was quite right to ban all flights over the airspace in the area due to safety concerns
引人注目的图像表明,冰岛完全正确,禁止所有航班在空域出于安全考虑
Access to the volcano on foot is currently restricted because of the dangerous gases released from the eruption and the risk of flooding due to melting glaciers.
步行进入火山目前限制因为喷发危险的气体释放和洪水的风险由于冰川融化。
Even though no volcanic ash was initially spotted, authorities took the unusual step of banning all flights in the airspace over the volcano
即使没有火山灰最初发现,当局采取了非同寻常的措施,禁止所有航班在火山的上空
The Holuhraun eruption has caused frequent earthquakes in the region, but on the plus side it has also created some stunning images
Holuhraun喷发造成频繁的地震,但另一方面它也带来了一些令人惊叹的图像
Holuhraun喷发的戏剧性的照片从50 - 500米高度的黄昏和惊人的北极光在后台。
步行进入火山目前限制因为喷发危险的气体释放和洪水的风险由于冰川融化。 Holuhraun喷发造成该地区频繁的地震。
Bardarbunga坐落在冰岛最大的冰川,它十分震惊,因为有成千上万的地震近两个星期。 一个红色的警告代码表明喷发即将或正在进行,火山灰的风险。
Closing the airspace was a move that echoed the Eyjafjallajokull ash cloud disaster which brought European air travel to a standstill for six days in 2010
关闭领空是此举回应埃亚菲亚德拉火山的火山灰云灾难,使欧洲航空业在2010年停止了六天
There were fears that an eruption could disrupt air travel over Europe, and aviation authorities are still keeping a watchful eye on the situation
人们担心爆发可能会扰乱航空旅行在欧洲,和航空当局仍保持密切关注
Bardarbunga is located under Iceland?s largest glacier and it has been rocked by thousands of earthquakes for nearly two weeks
甚至从远处可以看到火山喷发的证据,创建引人注目的图片数英里
Bardarbunga is located under Iceland?s largest glacier and it has been rocked by thousands of earthquakes for nearly two weeks
Bardarbunga坐落在冰岛最大的冰川,它十分震惊,因为有成千上万的地震近两个星期
A red warning code is the most severe and indicates that an eruption is imminent or underway, with a risk of ash.
一个红色的警告代码是最严重的,表明喷发即将或正在进行,风险的火山灰。
The rumblings at Iceland's largest volcano system, which is covered by a several hundred meters thick glacier,  raised worries of a serious eruption
火山在冰岛最大的爆发声系统,由一个几百米厚的冰川覆盖,提高严重爆发的担忧
In the early hours of 29 August, a small fissure eruption occurred in the Holuhraun lava field and has moved progressively north
在8月29日凌晨,一个小裂缝喷发发生在Holuhraun熔岩领域已经逐步北
Anot?her fissure eruption occurred on 31 August in the same rift as the eruption which had occurred two days earlier, helping to create the stunning images seen here
Anot?裂缝喷发发生在8月31日在相同的裂谷火山喷发发生在两天前,帮助创造惊人的图像
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